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The SCO Group, Inc. is a software company based in Lindon, Utah. The company's principal products are proprietary versions of UNIX (UnixWare and OpenServer), Smallfoot (an operating system for point-of-sale applications), software that provides various mobile services (Me, Inc.), and various associated products and services.

The company was originally founded in 1994, by Bryan Sparks and Ransom Love, initially as a Linux distributor. Caldera also purchased DR-DOS (a DOS operating system) from Novell in 1996, and as a result inherited a lawsuit with Microsoft over claims of monopolization, illegal tying, exclusive dealing, and tortious interference - until a settlement between the two companies (on undisclosed terms, but apparently involving a payment to Caldera) was eventually reached in 2000. The company went public in 2000, and in 2001, after protracted negotiations, Caldera acquired the Server and Professional Services divisions of the Santa Cruz Operation, Inc., and thus the products of UnixWare and OpenServer. In 2002, Caldera formed an alliance with other Linux vendors, SuSE, Turbolinux and Connectiva, to produce a combined Linux distribution known as UnitedLinux.

In mid 2002, then CEO, Ransom Love, was replaced by Darl McBride. The company then began to change direction, changing its name to The SCO Group, Inc. In late 2002 or early 2003, rumors began to appear in the press that SCO was considering making intellectual property claims against the Linux community. The first visible sign of this was in January 2003, when SCO formed a new division, called SCOsource, initially focused on licensing SCO UNIX libraries, which the company claimed that some users were using improperly on Linux systems.

In March 2003, SCO sued IBM (including IBM's Sequent subsiduary) for $1 billion (later upped to $3 billion, and then $5 billion) as a result of SCO's allegations concerning Linux. Some time after the lawsuit was filled, SCO ceased its own sales of Linux, as well as publicly alleging that that "Linux contained SCO's UNIX System V source code and that Linux was an unauthorized derivative of UNIX.". Eventually the company also began to make public statements stating that commercial users of all recent Linux versions needed to buy a license from SCO's SCOsource division.

The next step in this dispute was IBM brought their own counterclaims against SCO, and SCO was sued by Red Hat, in the Fall of 2003. Additionally, SCO became involved in a dispute with Novell over who owned the UNIX copyrights that SCO alleged were infringed (both companies claimed to own them), over whether Novell had a contractual right to waive any alleged breach of the UNIX licensing agreements by IBM, and over who owned various UNIX licensing fees collected by SCO - these disputes eventually led to SCO suing Novell (in early 2004), and. Novell bringing their own counterclaims against SCO. Finally, also in early 2004, SCO sued AutoZone and Daimler-Chrysler, again for issues relating to Linux (alleged copyright infringements in the case of AutoZone, and alleged breaches of UNIX licensing agreements in the case of Daimler-Chrysler).

As of late Summer 2007, many of the issues in these cases remain unresolved. However, Judge Dale Kimball, the presiding judge in both the IBM and Novell cases, ruled in the latter case, on August 10th 2007, "the court concludes that Novell is the owner of the UNIX and UnixWare copyrights", and that Novell "is entitled, at its sole discretion, to direct SCO to waive its claims against IBM and Sequent, and SCO is obligated to recognize Novell's waiver of SCO's claims against IBM and Sequent."

On September 14th 2007, SCO filed a voluntary petition for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code.

  Summary
  Name: The SCO Group, Inc.
  Main Web Site: www.sco.com
  Founded: 1994
  Business: UNIX operating systems and mobile software
  Traded On: OTC
  Ticker: OTC: SCOXQ.PK
  Headquarters: Lindon, Utah
  Employees: 142 (As of October, 2006)
  Revenue: US $29.1 million (2006)

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